By Frank Griffel

The Muslim philosopher al-Ghazali (d. 1111) was once some of the most influential theologians and philosophers of Islam and has been thought of an expert in either Western and Islamic philosophical traditions. Born in northeastern Iran, he held the main prestigious educational submit in Islamic theology in Baghdad, in simple terms to give up the placement and educate at small colleges within the provinces for no cash. His contributions to Islamic scholarship variety from responding to the demanding situations of Aristotelian philosophy to making a brand new form of Islamic mysticism and integrating either those traditions-falsafa and Sufism-into the Sunni mainstream.
This booklet bargains a accomplished examine of al-Ghazali's lifestyles and his knowing of cosmology-how God creates issues and occasions on the planet, how human acts relate to God's strength, and the way the universe is based. Frank Griffel provides a major revision of conventional perspectives on al-Ghazali, displaying that his most vital fulfillment used to be the construction of a brand new rationalist theology within which he remodeled the Aristotelian perspectives of thinkers akin to Avicenna to accord with highbrow currents that have been well-established inside of Muslim theological discourse. utilizing the main authoritative resources, together with reviews from al-Ghazali's scholars, his contemporaries, and his personal letters, Griffel reconstructs each degree in a turbulent profession. The al-Ghazali that emerges bargains many surprises, rather on his factors for leaving Baghdad and the character of his "seclusion" afterwards. Griffel demonstrates that al-Ghazali meant to create a brand new cosmology that moved clear of issues held past through Muslim theologians and Arab philosophers. This new theology aimed to supply a framework for the pursuit of the ordinary sciences and a foundation for Islamic technological know-how and philosophy to flourish past the twelfth century.

Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology is the main thorough exam so far of this significant thinker.

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